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Trading cards grading

PSA Ref.

Grading

10 (EFS)

Surface: The paper does not have, even if subjected to careful examination, any type of scratch, indication of pressure, abrasion, opacification or traces of intervention. The surface is smooth, shiny, spotless and free of marks (including even very slight lines of rotary wheels).

Centering: The sticker is perfectly equidistant from each side of the edge, both on the front and on the back (50/50 for both axles).

Edges: They are exceptionally regular, do not have any kind of nicks even if subjected to careful examination. There is no trace of any attempt of intervention.

Corners: They are exceptionally regular, do not have any kind of nicks even if subjected to careful examination. There is no trace of any attempt of intervention.

Print quality: The colours are vivid, shiny, through and through accordingly the manufacturer’ standards. There are no colour spots or blurs. The text has no misprints and is present in its entirety.

9,7 (FS)

Surface: The paper does not have, even if subjected to careful examination, any type of scratch, indication of pressure, abrasion, opacification or traces of intervention. The surface is smooth, shiny, spotless and free of marks (including even very slight lines of rotary wheels).

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 51/49 on the front and at least 60/40 on the back.

Edges: They are exceptionally regular, do not have any kind of nicks even if subjected to careful examination. There is no trace of any attempt of intervention.

Corners: They are exceptionally regular, do not have any kind of nicks even if subjected to careful examination. There is no trace of any attempt of intervention.

Print quality: The colours are vivid, shiny, through and through accordingly the manufacturer’standards. There are no colour spots or blurs. The text has no misprints and is present in its entirety.

9,5 (FS)

Surface: The paper does not have, even if subjected to careful examination, any type of scratch, indication of pressure, abrasion, opacification or traces of intervention. The surface is smooth, shiny, spotless and free of marks (including even very slight lines of rotary wheels).

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 52/48 or 53/47 on the front and at least 60/40 on the back.

Edges: They are exceptionally regular, do not have any kind of nicks even if subjected to careful examination. There is no trace of any attempt of intervention.

Corners: They are exceptionally regular, do not have any kind of nicks even if subjected to careful examination. There is no trace of any attempt of intervention.

Print quality: The colours are vivid, shiny, through and through accordingly the manufacturer ‘standards. There are no colour spots or blurs. The text has no misprints and is present in its entirety.

9,2 (FS)

Surface: The paper does not have, even if subjected to careful examination, any type of scratch, indication of pressure, abrasion, opacification or traces of intervention. The surface is smooth, shiny, spotless and free of marks (including even very slight lines of rotary wheels).

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 54/48 or 53/47 on the front and at least 60/40 on the back.

Edges: They are exceptionally regular, do not have any kind of nicks even if subjected to careful examination. There is no trace of any attempt of intervention.

Corners: They are exceptionally regular, do not have any kind of nicks even if subjected to careful examination. There is no trace of any attempt of intervention.

Print quality: The colours are vivid, shiny, through and through accordingly the manufacturer ‘standards. There are no colour spots or blurs. The text has no misprints and is present in its entirety.

9 (FS)

Surface: Light pressure points are allowed in relation to the higher gradings, although they can only be detected after careful examination.

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 55/45 on the front and at least 60/40 on the back.

Edges: Some small nick is allowed, which can occur in the form of white dots in most cases detectable only under careful examination.

Corners: Some small nick is allowed, which in most cases can occur in the form of white dots detectable only under careful examination.

Print quality: The colours are vivid, shiny, through and through accordingly the manufacturer’standards. There are no colour spots or blurs. The text has no misprints and is present in its entirety. The only exception regards the copies with printing errors common to all the copies in circulation.

8 (QFS)

Surface: No abrasions or evidence of intervention. It can have very light scratches, very light pressure points, slight marks of the rotary wheels, but no traces of tampering (such as ink, restoration attempts or other modifications).

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 60/40 on the front and at least 65/35 on the back.

Edges: Some small nick is allowed, which can occur in the form of white dots and that could be revealed even on sight

Corners: Some small nick is allowed, which can occur in the form of white dots and that could be revealed even on watch, as well as minimal signs of usury.

Print quality: : The colours are vivid, shiny, through and through accordingly the manufacturer’standards. Allowed marginal colour spots or blurring detectable under careful examination. The text is free of typos and is present in its entirety. The only exception regards the copies with printing errors common to all the copies in circulation.

7 (SUP)

Surface: May have thin scratches, slight pressure points or slight signs of the rotary wheel. Usury can have caused almost imperceptible consequences of roughness.

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 65/35 on the front and at least 70/30 on the back.

Edges: : Small nicks detectable on sight are allowed.

Corners: Small nicks detectable on sight and slight signs of wear are allowed.

Print quality:The colours are vivid, shiny, through and through accordingly the manufacturer’standards. Allowed marginal colour spots or blurring which can be detected on sight. The text is free of typos and is present in its entirety. The only exception regards the copies with printing errors common to all the copies in circulation.

6 (ECC)

Surface: It may present small and discreet abrasions or scratches, thin signs of the rotary wheels or some pressure points. Wear can have caused almost slight consequences of roughness.

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 70/30 on the front and at least 75/25 on the back.

Edges: Small nicks detectable on sight are allowed. It’s also allowed a partial alteration of the colour tone, if it is post-production and does not affect the sticker.

Corners: They may have imperceptible indentations, dents or minor furrows and slight signs of usury.

Print quality: The text is free of typos and is present in its entirety. The exceptions regard the copies with printing errors common to all the copies in circulation. Discrete colour spots, minimal discoloration or blurring which can be detected on sight, if they are uniform, are allowed as well.

5 (QEC)

Surface: It can have easily detectable abrasions, minimal and marginal presence of grooves, minor scratches, signs of rotary wheels or some pressure points. Usury may have led to slight consequences of roughness.

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 70/30 on the front and at least 80/20 on the back.

Edges: On sight detectable nicks are allowed. It’s also allowed an alteration of the colour tone, if it is post-production and does not affect the sticker.

Corners: They may have slight indentations, dents, printing folds, slight grooves or small wear marks even on more than one corner.

Print quality: The text is free of typos and is present in its entirety. The exceptions regard the copies with printing errors common to all the copies in circulation. Uniform discolouration or blurring is acceptable. Not too large stains are permitted.

4 (BB)

Surface: It may show evident abrasions and scratches, moderate grooves and signs of the rotary wheels. Some pressure points are allowed, and the surface is rough due to wear, but without any obvious wrinkles.

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 75/25 on the front and at least 85/15 on the back.

Edges: Extensive scratches or indentations that can be detected on sight are allowed, as well as bumps or sharp cuts. It’s as well allowed a significant alteration of the colour tone, if it is post-production and does not affect the sticker. Maximum grading can be provided in case of presence of indentation marks from the package.

Corners: Allowed indentations, dents, printing folds or slight furrows on most corners. There are signs of usury. Maximum grading can be provided in case of presence of indentation marks from the package.

Print quality: The text is free of typos and is present in its entirety. The only exception regards the copies with printing errors common to all the copies in circulation. You may see a noticeable but uneven discoloration or blurring. It is allowed the presence of patches of colour not too large.

3 (MB)

Surface: It presents evident abrasions and scratches, and evident grooves. Maximum degree attributable in case of small traces of intervention, even if they can be detected after careful examination (such as ink, restoration attempts or other modifications). It may have clear impressions from rotary wheel lines or pressure points. The surface is rough due to usury, but without any marked wrinkles. Maximum grading can be provided in case of presence of indentation marks from the package.

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 80/20 on the front and at least 90/10 on the back.

Edges: Extensive nicks or indentations that can be detected on sight, as well as shocks or sharp cuts are allowed. Maximum grading is attributable in case of minimal traces of intervention (such as colour/ink dots, restoration attempts or other). It’s as well allowed a significant alteration of the colour tone, if it is post-production and does not affect the sticker. Moderate serration from heat-sealing.

Corners: Allowed indentations, dents, printing folds or sharp grooves even on most of the corners. There are signs of usury. Maximum grading can be provided in case of minimal traces of intervention in the form of points of colour or ink. Moderate serration from heat-sealing.

Print quality: The text is free of typos and is present in its entirety. The exceptions regard the copies with printing errors common to all the copies in circulation. You may see a noticeable but uneven discoloration or blurring. Colour stains are allowed.

2 (B)

Surface: It presents various abrasions, scratches, furrows or traces of manumission (such as ink, restoration attempts or other modifications). The presence of numerous pressure points, easily detectable on touch. The surface is rough due to usury and tear with the possibility of obvious wrinkles. moderate heat-welding serration.

Centering: The minimum permitted centring is 85/15 on the front and at least 95/5 on the back.

Edges: Extensive scratches or severe indentations are allowed which may have caused a slight detachment of the edges, impact marks or noticeable cuts. There may be traces of discrete but visible tampering (such as ink, restoration attempts or other). Allowed a strong alteration of the colour tone, if it does not affect the sticker. Marked serration from heat-sealing.

Corners: Allowed extensive nicks or important indentations that may have rounded an angle. There are significant signs of usury and possibly visible, though discreet, traces of intervention (ink, restoration attempts or other modifications). Marked serration from heat-sealing.

Print quality: The text does not present any typo and is present in its entirety, except for copies with printing errors common to all the copies in circulation. You can notice the presence of a remarkable discoloration or blurring, even if not uniform. It is allowed the presence of spots of colour.

1 (M)

Surface: It has severe abrasions, scratches, furrows, folds, tears or signs of tampering, numerous and extensive pressure points. The surface is rough, irregular or even without small portions. Marked serration from heat-sealing.

Centering: It can be completely decentralized if there is a margin no matter how small on all sides and, therefore, the sticker does not touch any border*. In no higher grading than this, are allowed cards that rotated on their own vertical axis (that is from left to right or vice versa), have the image on the back that is turned upside down in relation to the front (excluding Split cards and similar)

Edges: There can also be both severe and wide tears, nicks or indentations, detachments of the edges, traces of impact or sharp cuts, even of considerable extension. Heavy induction from heat-sealing.

Corners: There may also be both severe and wide tears, nicks or indentations, rounding of several angles, significant disconnection of the edges or impairment of their integrity, significant signs of usury. Heavy induction from heat-sealing.

Print quality: The text may be typed, not present in its entirety or clearly identifiable in one or more parts. Presence of considerable discoloration or blurring, even if not uniform. allowed the presence of spots of colour of any extension or entity. It can present a strong alteration of the colour shade also in its entirety.

Note for assigning half points (0.5):

The allocation of the points means, or half points, (0,5) occurs when, taking into consideration a single characteristic, one notices a minimum imperfection not admitted by the higher whole rating degree to which it could aspire, but less severe than the lower integer parameter. Only in the case of a card where a single characteristic (more rarely two) suggests an evaluation between two whole grades will half a degree be awarded. In example: “Examining the angles carefully you realize that 3 out of 4 are eligible for grade 9, and only the last one has a minimal nick, but visible to the naked eye (see definition of grade 8). The final degree of angles will be 8.5 as it is not fully classifiable to 9 but with a condition greater than 8.”

*Note on the “Variety”:

In this case, “varieties”, the particularities of which are classified separately (based on the percentage of excess of the margin) cannot be assessed as defects but as peculiarities or exceptionalities (as in the case of philately, numismatics and many other fields of collecting). This distinctive character of the card will be catalogued and reported on its online format.

Varianti d’Errore

Cod.Description
C201Different border colour
C202Deburring of a colour
C203Ink stains
C204Faded coloration
C205Dark colour tones
C206“Albin” print (missing one or more colours)
C207Print with overabundance of a colour
CF01Foil type paper with band patina print
CError Category
F/B/2Error allocation: Front / Back / F + B
01-99Specific type of error
Cod.Description
T?01Absence of the text or parts of it
T?02Colour in the text
T?03Double or triple overlapping print
T?04Replacement of the text or parts of it with other words
TCategoria di Errore
F/B/2Error allocation: Front / Back / F + B
01-99Specific type of error
Cod.Description
O001Wrong Association Paper/Text
O002Double Print Different Fronts Overlapping
O003Zoom error of the illustration subject
O004Absent Front
O005Additional object in Overlap
O006Out of place object
O007Missing Object (Set Symbol/Mana Symbol)
O008Absent back
O009Upside-down back
O010Different back
O011Front Print on both sides
O012Retro Print on both sides
OError Category
001-999Specific type of error
Cod.Description
MFX?Misalignment of the horizontal axis compared to the cut (front)
MFY?Misalignment of the vertical axis compared to the cut (Front)
MFZ?Misalignment of the both the axes compared to the cut (Front)
MBX?Misalignment of the Horizontal Axis compared to the cut (Retro)
MBY?Misalignment of vertical axis compared to cut (back)
MBZ?Misalignment of both Axes compared to cut (Retro)
M2X?Misalignment of horizontal axis compared to cut (Front & Back)
M2Y?Misalignment of vertical axis compared to cut (Front & Back)
M2Z?Misalignment of both Axes compared to the cut (Front & Back)
M?01Axis rotation with respect to cutting
M?02“Foil” type paper with wrinkled surface
M?03Presence of foreign elements incorporated in the Charter
MError Category
F/B/2Error allocation: Front / Back / F + B
X/Y/ZAxle of skew
1-5Degree of Skew
01-99Specific type of error
F/B/2Depends on the allocation of the error
01-99Error Allocation: Front/Back/F+B
Cod.Descrizione
PC01Crimp
PC02Crimp + Taglio del pezzo
PError Category
CError Group
01-99

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Grade your collection
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“The Collector’s Handbook”!
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